Know why there are periods and when to take doctor's advice

When we enter puberty, our body goes through a variety of changes and one of those changes is the menstrual cycle/menstruation which is called periods in the common language. Periods typically begin between 10 and 16 years of age. But do you know how period/periods start suddenly at this stage, why this cycle created by nature is necessary? So friends, in this post today, we will try to answer these questions. So let's know

WHAT ARE MENSTRUATION / PERIODS - MENSTRUATION / PERIODS

WHAT ARE MENSTRUATION / PERIODS - MENSTRUATION / PERIODS 



WHAT ARE MENSTRUATION / PERIODS - MENSTRUATION / PERIODS 

Menstruation (also known as a period or bleeding) is the menstrual process in a woman who, from the lining of the uterus (through the vagina) at an interval of about one month at puberty until menopause (the closure of the regular menstrual cycle). Discharge of blood and other materials occurs (except during pregnancy).

Each woman has two ovaries, each containing several egg cells. These are called ovum or oocytes. The ovaries release the egg every month during a certain period. Each month, the ovum prepares a lining in case the ovum is fertilized. If the ovum is not fertilized, the lining is not required, and along with the egg it becomes secreted and expelled from the vagina. This discharge process lasts for about 3-5 days. It is called periods.  

Apart from bleeding, other signs and symptoms of menstruation may include headaches, acne, flatulence, abdominal pain, fatigue, mood changes, lack of food, breast pain, and diarrhea.

WHEN DO PERIODS START AND STOP? - WHEN DO PERIODS START AND STOP?

Most girls experience it between the ages of 12 and 14, but it is also seen before or after in many girls. It is an indication that the body is functioning normally.
Menstruation usually ends between the ages of 45 and 55, which is called menopause. After menopause is complete, no woman can become pregnant.

WHY DO WOMEN HAVE PERIODS  - WHY DO PERIODS OCCUR

The menstrual cycle 
During the reproductive cycle, hormones are secreted by the pituitary gland located in the brain to stimulate the ovaries. The ovaries release the egg due to these hormones. Also, it starts producing a hormone called estrogen in the body. The lining of the fertilized uterus becomes thick due to increased estrogen.
During this time, if the woman has a relationship with a man, then sperm enter her fallopian tube, due to which the egg can be fertilized and she can become pregnant. And if the egg is not fertilized, estrogen and progesterone levels drop, and the lining of the uterus begins to break down. It marks the beginning of periods.
Periods contain small amounts of blood and endometrium. Bleeding occurs due to the rupture of blood vessels within the lining.

WHEN SHOULD YOU SEE A DOCTOR FOR PROBLEMS WITH YOUR PERIODS?

  • If your menstruation has not started until you are 15 years old.
  • If periods suddenly stop for more than 90 days.
  • After a regular, monthly cycle, your period becomes very irregular.
  • Bleeding for more than 7 days.
  • Bleeding more than usual or using more than 1 pad every 1 to 2 hours.
  • You have severe pain during periods.
If you are facing any of these problems then you should seek the advice of a doctor.

Hopefully, this information will be beneficial for you. If you have any questions or suggestions, then you can keep your point through comment and you can subscribe free to get notification of all our upcoming articles related to health.

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