Know what are antidepressant medicines and what are their side effects

Antidepressants are medications that help relieve symptoms of depression, social anxiety disorder, anxiety disorder, and dysthymia. They aim to balance chemical imbalances in the brain. When the level of chemicals in the human brain deteriorates, it causes changes in mood and behavior. Antidepressants increase the level of chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters. Some neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and noradrenaline, are associated with mood and emotion.
Know what are antidepressant medicines and what are their side effects
Know what are antidepressant medicines and what are their side effects

Antidepressants were first developed in the 1950s. Their use has become common in the last 20 years. These medicines can help improve your mood, help you get better sleep and increase your appetite and concentration. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the percentage of antidepressant use among people over the age of 12 has increased from 7.7 percent in 1999–2004 to 12.7 percent now. These medicines are used more by women than men.
If you are taking an antidepressant, you need to know what effect it will have on your life. So let's know

TYPES OF ANTIDEPRESSANTS  - TYPES OF ANTIDEPRESSANTS

SNRIs and SSRIs
Serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are used to treat depression, mood disorders. These drugs increase the levels of two neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain that play an important role in stabilizing mood.
The same selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) drugs are the most commonly given antidepressants. These are effective in treating depression and have fewer side effects than other antidepressants. SSRIs inhibit the absorption of serotonin in the brain. This makes it easier for brain cells to receive and send messages, resulting in better and more stable moods.
For example - Citalopram, Fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem), Fluoxamine (Luvox), Paroxetine (Paxil) and Ceratraline (Zoloft)

Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)
Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are used to treat depression, fibromyalgia, anxiety and the pain caused by it.
Examples include amitriptyline (elavil), amoxapine- clomipramine (anafranil), desipramine, doxepine (sinacan).

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
Such antidepressants were commonly given before the discovery of SSRIs and SNRIs. It inhibits the action of a brain enzyme monoamine oxidase. Doctors commonly use MAOI in cases where other antidepressants do not work.

SIDE EFFECTS OF ANTIDEPRESSANTS - SIDE EFFECTS OF ANTIDEPRESSANTS 

Like all medicines, antidepressants can also have some side effects. These include:
  • headache
  • Sick
  • Dry mouth
  • gaining weight
  • stimulus
  • Drowsiness
  • Insomnia
  • Constipation
  • Excessive sweating
  • Indigestion and stomach ache
  • Blur
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) usually have fewer side effects than older types of drugs such as tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs).

HOW LONG PATIENT NEED TO TAKE ANTIDEPRESSANTS? - HOW LONG ANTIDEPRESSANTS CAN BE TAKEN

It depends on the position of the patient. Most people need to take depression medication for at least six to nine months, but it may also need to be taken longer if they feel better. Some people take antidepressants for many years. Your doctor helps you decide when is the right time to stop it
Such medicines are not stopped suddenly because doing so may lead to withdrawal symptoms such as headaches or dizziness. So your doctor helps you to stop such medicines slowly.
In such a situation, all people are advised not to use these medicines without consulting a doctor.

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